To support EU countries in assessing their progress for reaching their targets agreed in the Paris Agreement, the European Commission has clearly stated that a way to monitor anthropogenic CO2 emissions is needed. Such a capacity would deliver consistent and reliable information to support policy- and decision-making processes. To maintain Europe’s independence in this domain, it is imperative that the EU establishes an observation-based operational anthropogenic CO2 emissions Monitoring and Verification Support (MVS) capacity as part of its Copernicus programme. The CoCO2 Coordination and Support Action is intended as a continuation of the CO2 Human Emissions (CHE) project, led by ECMWF. In the Work Programme, ECMWF is identified as the predefined beneficiary tasked to further develop the prototype system for the foreseen MVS capacity together with partners principally based on the CHE consortium. In addition, ECMWF will continue some of the work initiated in the VERIFY project as well. The main objective of CoCO2 is to perform R&D activities identified as a need in the CHE project and strongly recommended by the European Commission’s CO2 monitoring Task Force. The activities shall sustain the development of a European capacity for monitoring anthropogenic CO2 emissions. The activities will address all components of the system, such as atmospheric transport models, re-analysis, data assimilation techniques, bottom-up estimation, in-situ networks and ancillary measurements needed to address the attribution of CO2 emissions. The aim is to have prototype systems at the required spatial scales ready by the end of the project as input for the foreseen Copernicus CO2 service element.
AIR-COVID-NETWORK aims to develop and evaluate the benefits of implementing an easy-to-operate Bioaerosol Network, aiming at detecting in only one sample the presence of SARS-CoV-2 within an indoor atmospheric environment that has integrated exhaled aerosols from tens to hundreds of individuals within few hours. The added value of the Network is to operate either in a passive mode (to monitor the presence of SARS-CoV-2 in the air) or in a more active one (each individual blowing directly on the air sampler alike the alcohol test).
Because individual screening of the entire population is impossible to achieve, this approach offers a simple and cost-effective alternative compared to the time consuming and expensive random Covid-19 screening tests of large subsets of the population.
In close collaboration with public departments of the Government, field tests (to be performed within SARS-CoV-2 contaminated indoor environment of the Nicosia General Hospital) will allow for the rapid development of an optimal “SARS-CoV-2 filtration unit” and its deployment within a network of 10 monitoring points. This Bioaerosol Network will operate in various indoor environments within the agglomeration of Nicosia for a period of 1 month, at a time when the lockdown measures taken by the Government of the Republic of Cyprus will become less restrictive, thus perhaps allowing the virus to spread even more vigorously within the population. Ultimately, the knowhow gained in operating this network will be transferred to a strategic industrial partner for further exploitation and provision of competitive services.
Different atmospheric processes are considered responsible for many challenges having societal and environmental impacts. Air pollution, public health, sustainability and climate change represent key issues for a wide range of institutions in the public and private sectors. The EU-funded project ACTRIS IMP promotes a pan-European research infrastructure, the Aerosol, Clouds and Trace Gases Research Infrastructure (ACTRIS), that produces high-quality data and information on temporary atmospheric components and the processes provoking the variability of these constituents in both natural and controlled atmospheres. Established more than 20 years ago, ACTRIS provides significant information for understanding atmospheric procedures and bio-geochemical relations between atmosphere and environments. ACTRIS IMP aims at a new knowledge that will create the structures for actions on national and EU levels. ACTRIS IMP (2020 – 2023) is funded by has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement 871115.
The CELSIUS project aims to provide new climate change projections for Middle East/North Africa (MENA), including the eastern Mediterranean and Cyprus, at improved spatial precision and emphasis on temperature extremes and the warming over urban areas. The WRF model is used as a regional climate model (RCM) to dynamically downscale, first, meteorological re-analyses in a series of multi-physics simulations over the MENA region. An optimal for this region WRF model configuration will be obtained, by selecting the best performing (in comparison to observations) physical parametrisations set-up. CELSIUS (2019 – 2021) has received funding from the Research & Innovation Foundation (RIF), Republic of Cyprus
One of the major uncertainties in climate-change is the contribution of airborne particles. A major source of these particles is nucleation from gaseous pollutants. In order to implement the particle effects to existing models the process of particle formation by nucleation in the atmosphere needs to be well understood. This requires to employ a dense network of monitoring stations measuring particle formation processes.
Currently, only a limited number of stations have the necessary equipment for measuring small particles produced by nucleation in the atmosphere. Monitoring for Aerosol Particle Growth and Chemical Composition During New Particle Formation Events Using Minaturized Lightweight Instruments (MAGNUM) aims to produce low-cost, lightweight, yet fast-response aerosol size spectrometers that can measure the size distribution of particles in less than a second. These instruments will allow ground observations of high spatial density as well as observations with Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs). MAGNUM is an RIF Excellence Project that has been officially launched on January 2nd 2019 and will end after 30 months on 30th of June 2021. The project will be carried out in collaboration with the University of Helsinki in Finland. MAGNUM (2019 – 2021) has received funding from the Research & Innovation Foundation (RIF), Republic of Cyprus.
The mission of the Cooperation to Unravel the role of atmospheric aerosol over the Amazonian basin (CURE-3AB) is to provide high quality vertical profiles of key atmospheric pollutants relevant to air quality and climate change at the heart of the Amazonian basin. Located within the Amazon forest is the Amazon Tall Tower Observatory (ATTO), a facility taller than the Eiffel tower, dedicated for the observation of atmospheric pollutants. However, the entire vertical distribution of the troposphere cannot be fully accounted for using ATTO alone. This project pursues to complete the missing gap in the vertical distribution of atmospheric pollutants in that climatic sensitive area using both unmanned and manned aerial vehicles provided by The Cyprus Institute and Max Planck Institute, respectively.
CURE-3AB (2019 – 2021) is funded by the Research Promotion Foundation under the RESTART 2016—2020 programme International Collaborations—Dual Targeting and by the H2020 WIDESPREAD 2018-2020 program EMME-CARE.
METASat project develops and applies methodologies to utilize satellite data and provide the mathematical tools needed for studying the air quality in the region, and offer the data on the basis of which mitigation and adaptation strategies are developed. The work provides the atmospheric scientists at the Cyprus Institute (CyI) advanced theoretical and technical knowledge to utilize satellite data in air quality modelling. The use of current and next generation satellite information can open a new area in operational forecasting through i) updating emissions with up-to-date information from space, ii) providing initial conditions for the concentrations of the monitored pollutants for regional and local air quality forecasting and iii) identify and investigate significant atmospheric and chemical processes, both of continuous and episodic nature, with spatially and temporally consistent space monitoring. This supports national and regional authorities to improve awareness, preparedness, and implement control strategies. META-Sat (2018 – 2020) has received funding from the European Space Agency (ESA).
PRECEPT is materialized by a collaboration between Advanced Integrated Technology Solutions & Services (ADITESS) Ltd, a scientific, consulting, and research SME and The Cyprus Institute (CyI), a non-profit research and education institution with a scientific and technological orientation. The project involves, highly skilled scientific personnel with different disciplines (e.g. atmospheric scientists, engineers) from both partners, making use of state of the art scientific equipment in order to reach its goals. The Project POST-DOC/0916/0287 (PRECEPT) is co-financed by the European Regional Development Fund and the Republic of Cyprus through the Research Promotion Foundation.
Launched in December 2018, the AQ-SERVE project will provide the first-ever risk assessment and evaluation of the health impact of air pollution in Cyprus. AQ-SERVE aims to utilize best-in-class scientific and technological resources to identify the most efficient pollution abatement measures for improving air quality in Cyprus, and enable tangible benefits for public health, the environment, and the economy of Cyprus through the creation and updating of a National Air Quality Action Plan for Clean Air in Cyprus. AQ-SERVE (2018 – 2021) has received funding from the Research & Innovation Foundation (RIF), Republic of Cyprus.
Funding: € 1M
Launched in 2018, the overall objective of this project is to develop an infrastructure for synthesizing and characterizing nanoparticles (NPs) and nanomaterials (NMs) for applications in a wide range of areas, including sensing and catalysis. Nano2Lab (2018 – 2022) has received funding from the Research & Innovation Foundation (RIF), Republic of Cyprus.